Seminar

Seminar

Catalytic Functionalization of Nitrogen Compounds: From Selective C–H Amination to Photocatalytic Ammonia Synthesis

  • POSTED DATE : 2022-10-11
  • WRITER : 화학과
  • HIT : 376
  • DATE : 2022년 10월 13일(목) 오후 4시 30분
  • PLACE : 330226호실

세미나가 이번주 목요일(10월 13일) 오후 4시 30분에 개최됩니다.

많은 참여 부탁드립니다.



===============================================================================

제  목 : Catalytic Functionalization of Nitrogen Compounds: From Selective C–H Amination to Photocatalytic Ammonia Synthesis


연  사 : 박윤수 교수(KAIST)


일  시 : 2022년 10월 13일(목) 오후 4시 30분


장  소 : 화학관 2층 330226호실

================================================================================

Catalytic Functionalization of Nitrogen Compounds:From Selective C–H Amination to Photocatalytic Ammonia Synthesis


Yoonsu Park

Department of Chemistry, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST),

Daehak-ro 291, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea.

Webpage: https://ypark-lab.com/ Email: yoonsu.park@kaist.ac.kr


Nitrogen-containing molecules are of great importance in the field of organic chemistry, inorganic synthesis, and material science owing to their unique chemical and physical properties.1In this talk, I will showcase how a well-defined molecular catalyst could give an efficient and selective access to various classes of nitrogen compounds. In the first part of the talk, mechanistically driven discovery of novel class of amide agents will be discussed. Extensive Investigation on rhodium-catalyzed C–H amidation with organic azide led us to introduce 1,4,2-dioxazol-5-ones as highly efficient amide precursor.2 An integrated low-temperature NMR kinetics and computational study revealed a key role of high-valent metal-nitrenoid intermediate,3 and further efforts to utilize its reactivity enabled to design a new array of iridium catalysts for γ-lactam formation.4 Asymmetric5 and site-selective6 catalysis has been also achieved by utilizing noncovalent interactions. The second part of the talk will focus on the development of bifunctional photocatalysts for ammonia synthesis. Proton-coupled electron transfer using molecular hydrogen as a terminal reductant is an attractive strategy for synthesizing weak element-hydrogen bonds, but the intrinsic thermodynamics presents a challenge for reactivity. I will describe the direct photocatalytic synthesis of weak element-hydrogen bonds of unsaturated organic molecules7 as well as metal-nitrogen compounds.8Activation of molecular hydrogen occurs in the ground state and the resulting iridium hydride harvests visible light to enable spontaneous formation of weak chemical bonds near thermodynamic potential withoutany by-product. Transient absorption spectroscopic studies revealed a triplet-triplet energy transfer as the photophysical initiation process. Identification of catalyst deactivation pathway led to a design of the nextgeneration catalyst with improved photostability and better catalytic performance.9


References

1. Park, Y.; Kim, Y.; Chang S. Chem. Rev. 2017, 117, 9247.

2. Park, Y.; Park, K. T.; Kim, J. G.; Chang S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 4534.

3. Park, Y.; Heo, J.; Baik, M.-H.; Chang, S. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2016, 138, 14020.

4. Hong, S. Y.†; Park, Y.†; Hwang, Y.; Kim, Y. B.; Baik, M.-H.; Chang, S. Science 2018, 359,1016. († denotes co-first authors)

5. Park, Y.; Chang, S. Nat. Catal. 2019, 2, 219.

6. Jung, H.; Schrader, M.; Kim, D.; Baik, M.-H.*; Park, Y.*; Chang, S.* J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141, 15356–15366.

7. Park, Y.; Kim, S.; Tian, L.; Zhong, H.; Scholes, G. D.; Chirik, P. J. Nat. Chem. 2021, 13, 969.

8. Park, Y.; Semproni, S. P.; Zhong, H. Chirik, P. J. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2021, 60, 14376.

9. Park, Y.†; Tian, L.†; Kim, S.; Pabst, T. P.; Kim, J.; Scholes, G. D.; Chirik, P. J. JACS Au 2022, 2, 407.