제 목 : Extremely Active Chiral Catalysts for Challenging Chemical Reactions
연 사 : 배한용 교수님(성균관대학교 화학과)
일 시 : 2019년 9월 5일(목) 오후 4시 30분
장 소 : 화학관 2층 서병인강의실 (330226호실)
Extremely Active Chiral Catalysts for Challenging Chemical Reactions
Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University
2066, Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon, 16419 Korea E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Visit our webpage: https://hanyongbae.wixsite.com/hbcatalysis
Since its establishment as a field at the beginning of this century, organocatalysis has significantly advanced chemical synthesis in academia and industry. However, a common view suggesting that organocatalysts are generally less active than metal-based catalysts and enzymes still occasionally persists.
In this talk, we will discuss our recent findings on biomimetic enantioselective reactions regarding efficient "direct" introduction of (thio)ester enolate equivalents via chiral Brønsted base catalysis. In the light of both mechanistic and environmental approaches, we developed different hydrogen bonding promoted asymmetric reactions that those are, decarboxylative aldol reaction of malonic acid half thioester with aldehyde which is inspired by polyketide biosynthesis, rate-accelerated Michael addition reaction of malonate with nitroolefin “on water” due to the hydrophobic amplification effect, and Mannich reaction of highly reactive thioester enolate precursor dithiomalonate with N-Boc imine/α-amido sulfone. The low catalytic activity, which is regarded as an intrinsic limitation of organocatalyst, could be addressed by taking advantage of nature's solution.
As an “in-direct” approach, we will demonstrate a new class of chiral catalysts which enable the highly challenging enantioselective Mukaiyama aldol reaction of ketones in the presence of extremely low catalyst loading (down to 0.00009 mol%: 900 parts-per-billions, ppb). The developed highly acidic (pKa = 4.5 in acetonitrile) imidodiphosphorimidate catalysts were employed as potent catalysts for the Mukaiyama aldol reaction of commercially available silyl ketene acetals with ketones, via Lewis acid catalysis. Previously developed chiral disulfonimides (pKa = 8.4 in acetonitrile), which proved to be efficient catalysts of the Mukaiyama aldol reaction of aldehyde failed to achieve the desired transformation.[4,5]
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 H. Y. Bae, D. Höfler, P. S. J. Kaib, P. Kasaplar, C. K. De, A. Döhring, S. Lee, K. Kaupmees, I. Leito, B. List, Nature Chemistry2018, 10, 888.